Saturday, October 10, 2009

Pyramids of Giza, Egypt

The Pyramids at Giza are among the best-known ancient monuments in the world and the only one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world still standing. Of the three pyramids, the Great Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops), which was built by the pharaoh Khufu around 2560BC is the oldest and largest. It is 136m high with each side measuring 229m.It consists of two million blocks of stone.The third pyramid, the Pyramid of Menkaure (Mycerinus), which stands some 67m (220ft) high, was started by Khafre's son Menkaure. The famous Sphinx stands in front of the Great Pyramid, with the body of a lion joined to the head of a man. The Sphinx, which is 60m (200ft) long and 20m (65ft) high, was carved over 4500 years ago out of a single block of sandstone left over from building the Great Pyramid.